Sunday, April 14, 2019

ARSENIO MIGUEL JACINTO: Panagtutunos, Panangipateg ken Taginayonen ti Makikappia iti Sabali

[Nabulod ti ladawan a naaramat. Maysa a buya ti grupo
dagiti Filipino sakada iti kaunasan]
MAIKATLO nga anak ti Dios-ti-aluad da Victorino ken Teresa Miguel Jacinto. Napan ni Arsenio idiay Hawaii a kas maysa a sakada idi tawen 1946 tapno makidaksanggasat ken mangsapul ti naraniag a masakbayan nga agpaay iti pamiliana.


Asino ni Arsenio?
Nayanak idi Disiembre 14, 1921, ken dimmakkel iti Siudad ti Laoag. Inesponsoran ti ulitegna Perfecto Baraoidan ti ipapanna idiay Hawaii a kas maysa a contract laborer.

Agtawen laeng iti beinte singko idi panawanna ti bukod nga ili. Kadua ni Arsenio ti kabsatna, ni Alejandro Jacinto, ti kasinsinna Jose Alipio ken Alfredo Saribay. Naglugan dagitoy a lallaki iti barko nga S.S. Maunawili.

Nagrubbuat da Arsenio iti pantalan ti Salumague, Cabugao, Ilocos Sur, idi Agosto 30, 1946. Simmanglad ti barko a naglugananda iti Kahului Harbor, Maui, sangapulo ket innem nga aldaw kalpasanna a nagluasda. Nailuganda a naipan iti Pioneer Mill Co. Ltd., Lahaina, apaman a nadanon ti destinoda.

Naibalay da Arsenio ken dadduma pay a sakada iti Waine'e Village, maysa a plantation camp nga adda met laeng iti asideg ti kiskisan. Nagindeg dagitoy iti kampo nga addaan ti walo a kuarto, maysa a kusina ken pagdigosan. Agarup sangapulo ket innem amin a tao ti agyan iti dayta a balay. Naited kadakuada ti bukod a paglutoan tunggal dua a katao.

Kalpasan ti tallo nga aldaw, nangrugi a nagtrabaho ni Arsenio iti kataltalonan a kas grass cutter [aglammua iti ruot]. Natrabaho iti unos ti makatawen. Nagsueldo iti 40 sentimo iti kada oras, wenno $2.30 iti tunggal aldaw. 

Kalpasan ti maysa a tawen, nagbirok iti sabali a trabaho. Nagbalin nga irrigator, wenno isu ti agpasayak kadagiti mula ken trabahona daytoy agingga a nagretiro idi 1983 a nagsueldo iti $10.00 iti kada oras.


Biag iti Waine'e Village ken ti trabaho
Iti Waine'e Village, kaay-ayo dagiti Filipino sakada ti agay-ayam iti basketball, volleyball ken uray pay ti agpallot [chicken fight]. Paggaayat pay dagiti lallaki ti agsala iti social dances--a maawagan iti manzo, no sadino nga agbayad ti makisala a lalaki tapno maisalana ti babai. Maaramat wenno mausar ti maur-or a kuarta a pagbayad nga agserbi kadagiti sabsabali pay a pasken, wenno pangsuporta kadagiti agtutubo a babbai nga agkandidata a reyna iti communal celebrations a kas koma ti Rizal Day.

Bayat ti panagtrabahona iti Pioneer Mill, nagbalin a miembro ni Arsenio iti International Longshore Warehouse Union [ILWU]. Nagbalin nga instrumento ti ILWU a nagdur-asan ti kondision ti trabaho dagiti miembrona a kas iti pannakaingato ti sueldo, health benefits ken dadduma pay a kalintegan dagiti mangmangged.

Saan a malipatan ni Arsenio a nakipaset pay iti dua a welga nga inangay ti unyon.

Kalpasan a nagretiro iti Pioneer Mill, nagtrabaho ni Arsenio a kas 
part-time custodian ti Lahainaluna High School, Lahaina Intermediate ken Sacred Heart High School.

Idi tawen 1963, nagawid ni Arsenio idiay Filipinas tapno agbakasion. Naam-ammona ti ubing ken napintas a balasang ni Victorina Lazaro, tubo ti Siudad ti Laoag. Nagam-ammoda iti balasang babaen ti surat. 

Nairana unay nga agpagayam idi ti ama ni Victorina, ni Estanislao Lazaro iti kabsat ni Arsenio, ni Filemon Jacinto. Gapu ti daytoy, nagbalin a rangtay dagiti dua nga agpagayam a nagipaw-it iti ladawan ni Victorina ken ni Arsenio. Nagutigot da Estanislao ken Filemon a mangipatulod met ni Arsenio iti surat ken ni Victorina. Nagballigi ken nagbunga dagiti impatulod ni Arsenio a surat ken ni Victorina.

Idi nagsubli manen ni Arsenio idiay Filipinas iti tawen 1965, bulan ti Disiembre, nagam-ammon da Arsenio ken Victorina iti personal--iti Manila. Nagkallaysa ngarud dagiti dua iti Embahada ti Estados Unidos iti Manila iti isu met la a bulan. Kalpasanna, naangay ti sabali pay a panagkallaysa iti simbaan ti Laoag idi Enero 5, 1966. Nagdennada laeng iti maysa a bulan sakbay a nagsubli ni Arsenio iti Hawaii idi Pebrero 1966. Di nagbayag, simmaruno metten ni Victorina a nagpa-Hawaii idi Oktubre 15, 1966


Bunga ti ayan-ayat
Naparaburan da Arsenio ken Victorina iti uppat nga intelihente nga annak:

Ni Arthur, inauna. Nagadal ken nagturpos iti Sacred Heart High School ken Lahainaluna School. Kalpasanna, simrek iti armada ti Estados Unidos manipud 1986-1990. Naidestino idiay West Germany iti tallo ken kagudua a tawen. 

Maysa a vehicle mechanic. Nagtrabaho iti Westin Maui a kas irrigation housekeeper. Nayasawa ken ni Dawn. Maysa ti anakda, ni Malino, ngem addaan tallo nga annak iti immuna nga asawana-- da Cassie-Ann, Arthur ken Bryce. Dua met ti siumanna, da Makana ken Kalani.

Ni Edith Jacinto ti maikadua. Nagturpos iti Sacred Heart High School, Lahainaluna ken Chaminade University. Naawatna ti kina-Bachelor of Business Adminstration Degree in Accounting. Nagtrabaho a kas Administrative Manager ti Bubba Gump Shrimp Company.

Maikatlo ni Jane Arruda. Nagturpos met iti Sacred Heart High School, Lahainaluna ken Unibersidad ti Hawaii. Naawatna ti kina-Bachelor of Arts Degree in Fashion Merchandising. Maysa nga Consierge Specialist Supervisor iti Westin Maui Resort. 

Napili a third runner-up iti Miss Maui Filipina Pageant a nakisalipanna idi 1995. Kaay-ayona ti agsala iti hula idiay Old Lahaina Luau. Magustonna pay ti agbiahe iti sabali a lugar. Nayasawa ken ni Keli'i Arruda. Dua ti annakda, da Mason ken Leimamo.

Ni Lorraine Young ti buridek. Nagatendar iti Sacred Heart High School, Lahainaluna [Class Salutaturian- 1996]. Naawatna ti kina-Bachelor of Arts Degree in English [Creative Writing]. Isu ti Desktop Publishing Specialist ti Lahaina Galleries, Inc. Maysa pay a Pre-School Teacher idiay Florida sakbay a nagsubli iti Hawaii. Napadayawan pay a kas maysa a tsampion iti Maui District Spelling Bee idi 1988. Nayasawa ken ni Troy Young. Maysa ti anakda, ni Justice.

Ti balakad ni Arsenio kadagiti nataengan: "Panagtutunos ti sangkaamaan. Panangipateg iti tunggal maysa nga awan innimonan."

Kunana met kadagiti agtutubo: "Mapan agbasa tapno agsakdu iti napintas nga edukasion. Agpartuat nga awan riribuk, taginayonen ti makikappia iti sabali."

Kaay-ayo ni Arsenio ti agbiahe iti sabali a lugar. Napadasannan ti nagpasiar idiay Las Vegas, Washington D.C, Atlantic City ken San Francisco. Paggaayatna ti agbuya iti wrestling, agmula kadagiti nateng ken ag-baby sit kadagiti appokona. Aglaba pay iti bukodna a pagan-anay. Agdalus ken aglammua iti arubayan ti balay.

Nagbalin a rangtay ni Arsenio iti dua pay a kabsat ken kabagianna iti ipapanda idiay Hawaii.



ARSENIO MIGUEL JACINTO: 
Panagtutunos, Panangipateg ken Taginayon ti Makikappia iti Sabali
Rudy Ram. Rumbaoa
Dagiti Koleksion a Daniw, Sarita, Kanta ken Dadduma Pay
wwwammuenpaydaytoysakada.blogspot.com
[cr/rrr] o4.2oo8




Monday, March 25, 2019

Taldiap: Sakada, Nagpuonan ti Filipino nangruna Dagiti Ilokano tapno madanon ti Hawaii...









A young man from Cabugao, Ilocos Sur, Philippines came to Hawaii to find a better life for himself and for his family. This young man was Loreto Solanzo.

Born on October 24, 1922 and eldest of three siblings, he became the head of his family and its breadwinner when during World War II, the invading Japanese in the Philippines killed his father.

When recruiters from the Hawaii Sugar Planters Association arrived in the Philippines to enlist strong young men to come and work in the pineapple and sugarcane plantations here in Hawaii, Loreto considered it as an opportunity to find a better life. He signed up promptly.

On January 31, 1946, Loreto, together with many other sakadas, left Port Salomague in Cabugao, Ilocos Sur, Philippines, aboard the S.S. Maunawili. The sea voyage took them 16 days.

They landed in Hilo first where some of the men were assigned to work in the plantations there. Then S.S. Maunawili proceeded to Maui. Loreto Solanzo and his friend, Ernesto Guerrero, who is still living today, were among the hundreds of men that were stationed on Maui, specifically in Lahaina, to work for Pioneer Mill. They lived in Pu’ukoli’i Camp located across the Royal Lahaina Hotel.

Loreto’s first job involved the preparation of the field for sugarcane planting. Next, he was promoted to truck driving that involved his picking up of the workers and then dropping them off to their workstations. He stayed in that job until several years after, he was promoted to haul cane truck driving until his retirement in 1982.

As a sakada recruit and as part of his contract, he was given a free six-month vacation to the Philippines so that in 1956, Loreto decided to go back to the Philippines, with the intention of finding a wife, a soulmate.

It so happened that there was a beautiful, intelligent young teacher from Cabugao, his neighbor, who graduated from Ilocos Norte Normal School (now called Mariano Marcos University), named Commemoracion “Cion” Sabio. But the only problem was that Cion was teaching in Davao, Philippines, a thousand miles and a sea away. Cion had been a teaching there for thirteen years.

But fate or coincidence came into play in the life of Cion and Loreto.
Cion’s oldest sister’s husband and Loreto’s father are brothers. That oldest sister has a daughter named Irene, Cion’s niece, and Loreto’s cousin. What made it even more exciting was that Irene was also Cion’s co-teacher in Davao. Apparently, Irene had been corresponding with her cousin Loreto who was then vacationing from Hawaii. Cion took a vacation to Cabugao and when she went to her oldest sister’s house to visit, Loreto was also there.

Loreto must have fallen in love with Cion the minute he saw her. Soon after that first meeting, he and his mother went to Cion’s house to ask her father and mother for her hand in marriage. It so happened that Cion’s brother, then Vice Mayor Santos Sabio was present at the time Loreto proposed to marry Cion. He told Loreto to go back after three years to marry his sister Cion.

In actuality, Cion’s parents liked Loreto to marry their daughter because they felt that he came from a good family background. Besides, they did not want Cion to go back to Davao if possible.

But Cion wanted to go back to Davao to teach; there she had many admirers. Her parents managed to convince her to marry Loreto. Her brother Santos also approved of the marriage. In fact with Cion’s sufficient teaching certification, he was able to help her find a teaching position in Cabugao.

On April 22, 1957, Loreto and Cion had a grand wedding reception in Cabugao. After two months, Loreto’s vacation was expiring. He needed to come back to Hawaii. Cion remained in Cabugao to teach. In 1960, Loreto went back to the Philippines to visit.

Cion followed Loreto to Hawaii in June 1963. They lived in Pu’ukoli’i Camp. They shared a house with another family. They shared a kitchen and an outhouse. They raised their own vegetables. Every Sunday, they slaughtered a pig to be shared with the neighbors. In those days, it was okay to slaughter animals in the backyard. In Pu’ukoli’i Camp, they were able to have chicken fights with no problems. In those days, the fights were part of social gathering. It was also comparable to our open markets today, only smaller with people selling cooked foods, desserts, vegetables, etc. After the cockfight, the men and their wives often brought the losing roosters to Cion and Loreto’s home to be cooked. They all enjoyed the roosters for dinner.
Cion held a variety of jobs. She worked as a room maid at Sheration Hotel for only a day. At Ben Franklin, she was in sales, a teacher’s aide at Kamehameha III School, H & R Block as a tax Preparer, and at Royal Lahaina Hotel in retail sales where she retired in 1993.

In the 1970’s, Pu’ukoli’i Camp was being phased out. Loreto and Cion Solanzo moved to Upper Kelawea Mauka, Lahaina. Unfortunately, Loreto passed away on December 12, 1982 after a brief illness.

Loreto and Cion were blessed with three lovely daughters. All three daughters graduated from the University of Hawai’i, Manoa Campus. Single-handedly, financially, physically, and spiritually, Cion supported her three daughters. These three bright girls were able to receive numerous scholarships and grants to help them with their college finances.

Janet Lendio, the oldest and married to Terence Lendio, have two children. Janet manages the ABC Store at the Lahaina Cannery Mall.
Lorna Dotomain, the middle daughter and married to Walter Dotomain, is a Supervisor at the Bank of Alaska in Soldotna, Alaska. She and Walter have two children.

Lorelle Peros, the youngest, and married to Gregory “Jay” Peros, is an assistant professor of Maui Community College. Lorelle received her Masters Degree in Business Administration from the University of the Pacific in Stockton, California. She and Jay have two children.

Cion has been an active member of the Lahaina-Honolua Senior Citizens’ Club, Kaunoa’s Senior Services, and the Retired Senior Volunteer Program. She also attends the Nutrition Program at the West Maui Senior Center. She is an active member of the Sacred Heart Society and the Filipino Catholic Club and attends the Maria Lanakila Church where she serves as Eucharistic minister and choir member. She has traveled throughout the United States, Canada, Europe, and the Holy Land.

Cion’s advice to older people: Be active and join the Senior Citizens Club to meet old friends and make new ones. Get involved in church activities. Enjoy life to the fullest.

Her advice to the younger generation: Respect and honor your parents. Go to school, set goals, and work hard. Find a way to give back to your community. Refrain from taking drugs, drinking alcohol, and smoking. Be an asset to the community and not a liability.



LORETO SISTOZA SOLANZO: Living and Loving, Cabugao-Style
*Sakada Corner
 Fil-Am Observer
 wwwammuenpaydaytoysakada.blogspot.com
 wwwfilamobserverarticles.blogspot.com

Thursday, February 28, 2019

Taldiap: Sakada, Nagpuonan ti Filipino nangruna Dagiti Ilokano tapno madanon ti Hawaii


The Kekaha Band During Sakada Era
by Saluyot/Ilocandia
The wind band called Kekaha Sugar Company Band.  Graciano Gadiaza was one of the player of saxophone.
The wind band called Kekaha Sugar Company Band. Graciano Gadiaza was one of the player of saxophone.
Graciano Manzano Gadiaza from Calaoan, Candon City, Ilocos Sur went to Kauai in 1929 and worked in the sugar cane plantation as sakada.  Just like other Filipino that were recruited in the Philippines from 1906 to 1945 to be part of the vast sugar cane plantation works in the islands and county of Hawaii.
He was not just a pukan cane (harvester of sugar cane).  He was a musician and a talented one.  He became one of the members of the Kekaha Sugar Company Band.  The picture above was his remembrance during the golden years of his life.
The picture he brought to Philippines together with the musical notes does not served as remembrance only to his memory in the state which dominated by farm workers during that era.  These are part of his life.
Filipinos loves music and even during those times, Filipino never really forget the tradition of music.  And Graciano was one of the people who entertained the sugar farm workers.
[saluyot/ilocandia/wwwammuenpaydaytoysakada.blogspot.com]

Wednesday, February 20, 2019

Taldiap: Sakada, Nagpuonan ti Filipino nangruna Dagiti Ilokano tapno madanon ti Hawaii









THE SAKADAS: FROM THE FIELDS


art
COURTESY PHOTO
Two plantation workers operate a sugar cane machine in this undated photo.



FILIPINO-AMERICANS HAVE RICH ISLE HISTORY

by Rosemarie Bernardo
starbulletin.com



THE day after Simplicio Quidilla arrived in Honolulu from the Philippine province Ilocos Norte in 1931, the 22-year-old hauled bundles of sugar cane over his shoulder and put them into trucks headed for the Oahu Sugar Mill.

Quidilla first earned 10 cents working 12 hours a day in the Waipahu cane fields, said his 22-year-old daughter, Sharon.

Enduring 43 years of back-breaking labor, Quidilla suffered from a stooped back and gnarled fingers, had a toe severed by a bin accidentally dropped on his left foot, and cauliflower ears inflamed by bundles of sugar cane being carried on his shoulders.


art
COURTESY OF THE QUIDILLA FAMILY
In younger days, Steven Tingkang and brother Robril were photographed eating
sugar cane.


Quidilla's work as a cane carrier reflects the struggles of Filipino plantation workers who survived harsh working conditions and weathered negative stereotypes to make better lives for their families.

Officials hope to put stories like Quidilla's on display one day with those of other "sakadas" (Filipino plantation workers) at the new Filipino Community Center, opening Tuesday in Waipahu. It is just down the street from where Quidilla used to live and work.

The Filipino community credits the sakadas, who came to Hawaii in three waves of immigration, trailblazing the way for successive generations and giving them a chance to thrive in politics, education, sports and medicine.

Sharon Quidilla recalled how her father would often stress the importance of obtaining an education.

He would say, "Please, 'anako' (Tagalog for child), go to school, have an education. Don't be like me so you don't have to work hard like me," Quidilla said.

Quidilla died at the age of 91.

His words come alive in Sharon Quidilla, who is taking nursing classes at Kapiolani Community College, while her younger sister, Myra, obtained her bachelor's degree in accounting from Pacific University in Oregon last month.
"Our accomplishments are honoring what he did and what he had to go through," Myra said.




The growing population of Filipino Americans in Hawaii stems from three waves of migration to the islands. During a drop in Japanese immigration, about 120,000 Filipino plantation workers arrived in Honolulu between 1906 and 1934.


Under the Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association, 15 men arrived in Honolulu on the SS Doric from the Philippines on Dec. 20, 1906, to work as laborers in the plantation fields. The following year, about 150 laborers were recruited to the islands.


art
CRAIG T. KOJIMA / CKOJIMA@STARBULLETIN.COM
In younger days, Steven Tingkang and brother Robril were photographed eating sugar cane.


Records show a group of Filipino musicians and skilled laborers who arrived before 1906, when the SS Doric brought the first 15 sakadas. But the sakadas are generally acknowledged as being the first ones because they were in the vanguard of a large number of Filipino laborers who lived and worked in Hawaii.

Plantations were owned and controlled by five companies, called the Big Five, which included Theo H. Davies, Alexander & Baldwin, Castle & Cooke, American Factors (now Amfac/JMB Hawaii) and C. Brewer & Co.

The Filipinos were the last in the line of ethnic groups to be recruited to work on plantations in the islands. First, there were the Chinese, then the Japanese, Portuguese and Puerto Ricans. Spanish and Korean laborers were also recruited to work in the plantation fields.

Workers were transported to the cane fields by truck or train to start work at 6 a.m. planting, fertilizing and harvesting sugar cane. Supervisors imposed 12-hour workdays among the laborers. At the sound of a whistle, an hour's lunch and rest period was given. Like many plantation workers, Quidilla packed his lunch in a tin can layered with rice, vegetables and meat. Base pay for plantation workers was about a $1 a day. Sharon Quidilla said a majority of her father's earnings were sent back to the Philippines to help family members get an education.

Rigorous labor caused Simplicio Quidilla to develop a hunched back from hauling bundles of stalks of sugar on his back into trucks. Many cane carriers also developed cauliflower ears from tiny thorns on cane's leaves that cut into the laborer's earlobe, leaving it permanently disfigured.




During his employment with Oahu Sugar, Simplicio lived in a Filipino plantation camp behind the post office in Waipahu.


All cane field workers were issued metal identification tags called bango in pidgin. Bango tags were also used as a credit card to buy clothing and household items at stores. Items would be recorded by the store clerk under their bango tag number.

In 1974, Quidilla retired as a machine operator at the age of 65 and returned to the Philippines for vacation, where he met and married Erlinda Jamon. The couple settled in Waipahu near the Oahu Sugar Mill.

Some Filipino laborers would work temporarily in Hawaii and return to their homeland after earning enough money.

Though a native of the Philippines, Simplicio Quidilla never wanted to live anywhere else but in Waipahu, said his daughter Sharon Quidilla.

"He wanted to stay close to the sugar mill. That was his life," she said.

Throughout the early plantation days, Filipinos were stereotyped as industrious but uneducated.

Dean Alegado, chairman of the Ethnic Studies Program at the University of Hawaii-Manoa, said recruiters would favor uneducated workers who would not rebel against their supervisors.

However, a man named Pablo Manlapit organized a movement calling for higher wages for Filipino plantation workers. In 1924, Manlapit organized a strike, but it ended with the deaths of 16 Filipino workers who were shot and four police officers who were beaten in Hanapepe, Kauai, on Sept. 9, 1924.



art



The Tydings McDuffie Act of 1934 limited the number of Filipinos allowed to enter the United States. However, HSPA and the Pineapple Growers Association were exempted from the provision after they declared a labor shortage. This spurred the second wave of Filipino plantation workers between 1946 and the early 1960s.


"The excuse was a labor shortage. ... In reality, they were replacement workers," Alegado said.

The growers associations brought in more than 7,000 men, women and children to break a strike of plantation workers requesting better wages and working conditions under the International Longshore and Warehouse Union.

However, the associations' efforts failed after the new recruits joined the strike.
In 1946 the federal government allowed Filipinos to be recruited in the military, and the quota of Filipino sailors was increased under the U.S. military bases agreement. Thereafter, Filipinos in the military would return to the Philippines, get married and later move to Hawaii.

This second wave brought 10,000 to 12,000 Filipino military personnel, war brides and laborers to Hawaii.




Ewa Beach resident Steven Tingkang recalls the financial struggles of living in a plantation camp during the 1950s. His father, Escolastico, worked as a laborer irrigating the sugar cane fields and "just made enough (for us) to survive," Tingkang said. Tingkang was raised in Kunia Camp No. 26 where he and his younger brother, Robril, walked 20 miles a day to and from Waipahu Elementary School.


Tingkang, now 67, reminisced how he and his younger brother, Robril, would peel sugar cane stalks with a pocketknife.

Vegetables such as beans, okra and bitter melon were planted in the cane fields.
Tingkang said he and his family later moved to a camp in Pearl City Heights where multiethnic groups lived together.

"There was no hatred. Everyone was neighborly. ... In order to survive, everybody had to get together," he said.



art
COURTESY OF THE QUIDILLA FAMILY
Former sugar field worker Simplicio Quidilla in an undated photo with wife Erlinda and daughters Myra, left, and Sharon.


More Filipinos who came to Hawaii were able to reunite with family after the 1924 National Origins Act, restricting the number of Filipinos who could immigrate to the county, was abolished in 1965. This spurred Filipino-American population growth throughout the islands.

During the third wave, Filipino Americans started petitioning to bring their brothers, sisters, sons and daughters to Hawaii. Also, Filipino Americans with professional degrees began to stream into Hawaii. Since 1965 between 4,000 and 5,000 Filipinos immigrated to Hawaii annually, making Filipino Americans the fastest-growing population in the islands, Alegado said. It is also the second-fastest growing population in the nation, trailing those migrating from Mexico.

Throughout the years, several Filipino Americans have gained local and national attention from politics to sports.

In 1954, Peter Aduja was elected to the Territorial House of Representatives.
In 1962, Benjamin Menor became the first Filipino American to serve as a Hawaii state senator. Twelve years later, Menor became the first Filipino American in the nation to be appointed to a state Supreme Court.

In 1974, Eduardo Malapit of Kauai became the first mayor of Filipino descent in the nation.

In 1994, Gov. Ben Cayetano became the first Filipino to be elected governor in the United States. Oahu resident Angela Baraquio became the first Asian American to win the Miss America pageant in 2001. Seattle Times reporter Byron Acohido of Wahiawa won a Pulitzer Prize in 1997 for his report on rudder system problems in the Boeing 737.

In medicine, Dr. Jorge Camara became the first physician in Hawaii to use telemedicine for a surgical procedure and the first in the nation for ophthalmology. Waipahu resident Brian Viloria won the 1999 national title in featherweight boxing, and Benny Agbayani continues to be a notable player in Major League Baseball.

During this year's legislative session, a bill was passed to establish a Filipino Centennial Celebration Commission. Cayetano was scheduled to sign the bill into law today. Members of the commission would organize a celebration in 2006 acknowledging the 100th anniversary of the arrival of Filipinos in Hawaii.

"From those humble beginnings, we have almost a century of progress," Alegado said.


*courtesy/credit to Rosemarie Bernardo/StarBulletin.com/can read on wwwammuenpaydaytoysakada.blogspot.com